In addition to the treatment of systemic and local problems with surgical methods in the body, general surgery is a technical discipline that includes general principles (wound healing, metabolic and endocrine response to injury) and has affected many branches of surgery and basic medicine in terms of their development.

The word surgery originates from the term 'chirurgiae' in Latin and means 'handicraft'. Surgery is one of the oldest branches of medicine and it is based on the principle of repairing diseases, injuries, structural disorders in the body by surgery or cutting the diseased organ into its natural and proper form.

The types of surgery are often referred to by the name of the organ or system it is attached to. Goiter (thyroid gland), breast, esophagus (esophagus), stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus, hernias, liver, gallbladder, biliary tract, endoscopic and laparoscopic surgery are included in the field of General Surgery. When it is separated according to the systems; General Surgery includes goiter surgeries, breast surgeries, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus area surgeries, liver and hernia surgeries. In some cases, General Surgery aims to protect from surgery not only with surgery, but also with preventive medicine.

The General Surgery Department works in coordination and in cooperation with many disciplines due to the wide range of interest. Various types of cancer form the majority of General Surgery patients. For these patients, Gastroenterology, Radiology / Interventional Radiology, Pathology, Medical and Radiation Oncology are studied in the planning of diagnosis, surgery and subsequent treatment stages.

Another area of interest of General Surgery is traumatology. Due to the presence of multiple organ system injuries in patients with trauma, orthopedics, neurosurgery, urology, cardiovascular surgery departments are acted together. General Surgery Department undertakes the coordination of all these branches of medicine, especially in severe multiple organ injuries.